Cashier:

Excursions:

Activity:

Schedule:

  • mon: Museum is closed
  • sat: 09:00—18:00
  • sun: 10:00—18:00
  • tues-fri: 10:00—18:00

Schedule:

mon:

Museum is closed

sat:

09:00—18:00

sun:

10:00—18:00

tues-fri:

10:00—18:00

YEAR IN MEMORY OF CH. M. TAKSAMI AND G. A. OTAINA

2021 The Sakhalin Regional Museum of Local Lore is dedicated to the memory of outstanding researchers - Doctor of History Chuner Mikhailovich Taksami (1931-2014) and candidate of philological sciences Galina Aleksandrovna Otaina (1931-1995). The first native scientists from among the numerically small nationsof the North in the system of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

The research and activities of Nivkh scientists Ch.M. Taksami and G.A. Otana are little known to the general public, their contribution to the study of the Nivkh language and culture is not fully appreciated, and in recent years their names have fallen into oblivion.

The Sakhalin Regional Museum of Local Lore is implementing a grant project "Year in Memory of Ch. M. Taksami and G. A. Otaina - Researchers of the Nivkh Language and Culture" supported by Exxon Neftegas Limited. The project is aimed at preserving the memory of the creative and scientific paths and contributions to the study of the language and culture of indigenous minorities of the North by Nivkh scientists Сh. M. Taksami and G. A. Otaina

CHUNER MIKHAILOVICH TAKSAMI (1931-2014)

Soviet and Russian ethnographer, scholar of the North, and Nivkhologist. He received serious ethnographic training, working with leading Siberian scientists of the older generation. In his scientific and creative work he kept the best traditions of the Russian ethnographic science. For many years, he has lectured at the Faculty of History of St. Petersburg State University and the Institute of the Peoples of the North of the A. I. Hertzen Russian State Pedagogical University. He contributed greatly to the training of ethnographers and pedagogical staff from the indigenous peoples of the North, Siberia, and the Far East. Under his supervision theses for Candidate's Degree were defended. He has participated in many international congresses, symposiums and all-Russian conferences and meetings. He is familiar with museum work. He has worked as deputy director and director of the Peter the Great Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography (Kunstkammer). He worked as the deputy director of the Peter the Great Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography (Kunstkamera) of the Russian Academy of Sciences (1998-2002). He supervised the organization of large-scale exhibitions.

Director of the Peter the Great Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography (Kunstkamera) of the Russian Academy of Sciences in his office.

Chuner Mikhailovich was born on February 23, 1931, in the Nivkh village of Kalma on the Lower Amur. He graduated from high school, worked at a fishing state farm. In 1950, by the decision of the district administration, in accordance with the Ministry of Education order to prepare qualified specialists from the indigenous peoples of the North, he was sent for further study to the faculty of the peoples of the Extreme North at the A. A. Zhdanov Leningrad State University. While still a student at the University, in 1953 he went to the Nivkhs of the Lower Amur River to collect materials for his term and diploma papers. In 1955 he successfully graduated from the university and entered the postgraduate course at the Leningrad branch of the Institute of Ethnography. In 1955 he successfully graduated from the university and entered graduate school in the Leningrad part of the Miklukho-Maklai Institute of Ethnography of the USSR Academy of Sciences. Chuner Mikhailovich's scientific supervisor during his postgraduate years was the outstanding ethnographer-Turkologist, Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor Leonid Pavlovich Potapov.

After finishing his graduate studies, Taksami remained to work at the Institute of Ethnography, which had become his home, and today it is the Peter the Great Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography (Kunstkamera). Today it is the Peter the Great Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography (Kunstkamera) of the Russian Academy of Sciences. In 1960 he defended his candidate's thesis and in 1977 - a thesis for the degree of Doctor of Historical Sciences.

Chuner Mikhailovich Taksami with museum collections. 1975

Taksami with schoolchildren at a museum of local lore. 1950s-1970s

Chuner Mikhailovich made a great contribution to the study of the traditional culture of his native people, the Nivkhs, having devoted to it a number of fundamental studies: "Nivkhs," and "Basic Problems of the Ethnography and History of the Nivkhs." He created the first Russian-Nikh and Nivkh-Russian dictionaries with grammatical sketches, as well as a number of textbooks. The value of Ch. M. Taksami's value lies not only in the profound scientific analysis, but also in the fact that his ethnographic and linguistic studies are based on original materials that he personally collected during his numerous expeditions to the indigenous peoples of Sakhalin, Kamchatka, Yakutia, and other regions.

Ch. M. Taksami with the Nivkhs. Expedition to Sakhalin, 1950s.

Taksami owns more than 300 publications (monographs, articles, etc.). Under his editorship was issued a number of collective works and collections of articles dedicated to the problems of cultures of peoples of Siberia, the Far North and the Far East. These works explore the most important issues of general ethnography, traditional culture and historical fates of the peoples of the Asia-Pacific region, their current situation and future development.

Agnyun Zoya Ivanovna and Taksami Chuner Mikhailovich. 1990

Taksami Chuner Mikhailovich - participant of the international expedition of scientists - researchers of languages of indigenous peoples of Sakhalin. 1990

In his creative activity, Taksami paid much attention to contemporary problems of the indigenous peoples of the North. On the pages of magazines and newspapers he raised acute socio-economic and complex historical and cultural problems, advocating the interests of small peoples of the North. On his initiative, a scientific and practical conference on the role of scientific and creative personnel of the peoples of the North was held on the basis of the A.I. Gertsen Russian State Pedagogical University to address the complex issues of the fate of indigenous peoples in the XXI century.

Awarding Taksami an honorary doctorate in 1994.

Chuner Mikhailovich Taksami with Japanese colleagues. 2000s

The name and works of Chuner Mikhailovich Taksami are well known both in Russia and abroad. His works have been published in France, Germany, Czechoslovakia, Japan, the United States, Canada, India, etc. In 1996, Chuner Mikhailovich was awarded the degree of Honoris causa by the University of Bordeaux II, France, as well as a diploma and a medal of the International Society for Shamanic Research. Since 1997 he has been a full member of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences. In April 2005, he was elected a foreign member of the Finnish Academy of Sciences for his outstanding scientific contributions. As one of the largest Siberian researchers, Chuner Mikhailovich worthily represented ethnographic science in the political life of Russia, being the Chairman of the Expert Council on the problems of the peoples of the North at the Committee of the North of the State Duma of the Russian Federation.

Chuner Mikhailovich Taksami with Lyubov Mikhailovna Kurmanguzhinova at the 2nd Congress of the Nivkhs of Sakhalin Oblast and Khabarovsk Krai. 2010 г.

Chuner Mikhailovich Taksami in Finland. 2005

Chuner Mikhailovich's contribution to the study of the culture of indigenous peoples of Russia is truly invaluable. Chuner Mikhailovich's scientific and creative work has had an impact on the culture of the indigenous peoples of Russia. M. Taksami has a tremendous impact on the entire creative potential of the peoples of the North, Siberia, and the Far East.

GALINA ALEXANDROVNA OTAINA (1931-1995)

 Candidate of Philological Sciences, worked for many years as a senior researcher at the Institute of History, Archaeology, and Ethnography of the Far East Academy of Sciences of the Russian Federation in Vladivostok, a well-known expert on the Nivkh language in the scientific world and a native speaker of this language. Simultaneously with the study of the grammar of the Nivkh language, she studied history, ethnography, folklore, folk medicine, anthroponomy of the Nivkhs and neighboring peoples of the North. Learning the languages and cultures of the Far Eastern peoples, she drew parallels and searched for the genetic roots of her people. In her journal entries G. A. Otaina writes: "People often reproach me for what I do not do my job - ethnography. But without the knowledge of this subject I would have done nothing in the field of Nivkh folklore".

Galina Alexandrovna Otaina.

Galina was born on July 6, 1931 into a family of kolkhoz fishermen in the ancient Nivkh village of Mago, Khabarovsk Territory. The family led a traditional way of life; the parents worked on the collective farm and were engaged in fishing, hunting, and gathering.

After graduating from a seven-year school, Galina Alexandrovna worked briefly as an accountant at the collective farm. From 1948 to 1952, she studied at the Nikolaevsk-on-Amur Teachers' Training College. Then she went to the A. I. Herzen Leningrad Pedagogical Institute at the philological faculty, graduating with honors in 1956 as a teacher of Russian language and literature. From 1958 to 1963 she worked as a teacher in her native Amur pedagogical school.

In 1963, G. A. Otaina was invited to her postgraduate studies at the Leningrad branch of the Institute of Linguistics of the USSR Academy of Sciences to major in "Languages of the peoples of the USSR.

Galina Otaina is a 3-year student of the Pedagogical College of the peoples of the North

Galina Otaina - 5th year student of pedagogical college of peoples of the North with her friend

G. Otaina's diploma of graduation from the institute

Resolution on awarding the scientific title to G.A. Otaina

During her postgraduate studies at the Leningrad branch of the Institute of Linguistics of the USSR Academy of Sciences, Galina Alexandrovna was lucky to communicate and work for a long time with the outstanding scientist Yerukhim Abramovich Kreynovich, who brilliantly spoke Nivkh language and was her scientific adviser. It was Yerukhim Abramovich who played a major role in the formation of the graduate student as a scientist, instilled a love for ethnographic research and the study of languages. From the memories of T. G. Bugaeva, Galina's acquaintance since they studied together in graduate school: "In recent years, she has worked intensively on preparing Nivkh folklore for publication. I remember that in the spring of 1984 Galina Aleksandrovna together with Eruhim Abramovich worked at my home to transcribe the texts of B. O. Pilsudski. I remember that Galina Alexandrovna cooked steamed fish for him. He liked the fish very much, and he ate it so quickly that we were very surprised. He explained that he had been in the habit of eating fast from his time in the camps, where it was forbidden to yawn; otherwise others would take it away and eat it. That was her last meeting with Yerukhim Abramovich, her supervisor."

Otaina G.A. with a colleague from the Institute of History of Archaeology and Ethnography of Peoples of the Far East.

Otaina Galina Alexandrovna at the district review of folk art in the framework of the II All-Union Festival

Г. G. A. Otaina cooperated with Russian and foreign colleagues, her scientific interests and creative friendship were intertwined. She participated in many international, all-Union and regional conferences.

Diploma of Candidate of Sciences G.A. Otaina

Galina Alexandrovna together with the first Nivkh writer V. M. Sangi developed a writing system for recording the Nivkh language, wrote a primer of the Nivkh language and four textbooks. She compiled a dictionary of Nivkh art terms for teachers.

Certificate of Merit of G.A. Otaina

Expeditions were of great importance in the scientific work of the researcher, during which she had fruitful contacts with the Nivkhi elders. The excellent knowledge of her native language and the property of disposing people to herself allowed her to collect unique material. With special persistence she sought storytellers of the ancient legends and recorded the unique samples of Nivkh oral folk art. With patience and diligence Galina Alexandrovna prepared folklore material: recorded the speech of the narrators in their native language, then checked the texts and made a literal translation, and after that - a literary translation. She published portions of Nivkh legends and mythological traditions in the volume of works of the international expedition "Research of Small Sakhalin Indigenous Languages" (1993, Japan). Unfortunately, during her lifetime Galina Alexandrovna did not manage to publish the folklore texts themselves. Only in 2010, thanks to her sister Z.L. Ronik, these materials were processed and published in Russian under the editorship of A.M. Pevnov, Doctor of Philological Sciences. The book is entitled "Nivkh myths and tales from the archive of G. A. Otaina".

Sangi V.M., Otaina G.A. Primer for the preparatory class of Nivkh schools 1981.

Page from an ABC book

The famous scientist and ethnographer and her friend P.Ya. Gontmakher once shared: "... in her short life she has made fifty discoveries in science. In each of her work, there is a certain discovery. Otherwise she could not work."

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