The Scientific Archive of the Sakhalin Regional Museum
of Local Lore, as a result of the
inquiry work, received declassified materials of the criminal case of the
Japanese who in August 1945, before the arrival of Soviet troops on South
Sakhalin, committed massacres of peaceful Korean residents of the village of
Mizuho (now the village of Pozharskoye). The decision to declassify the
documents was greatly influenced by the September 2021 Khabarovsk Forum
"The Khabarovsk Process: Historical Significance and Contemporary
Challenges" which was attended by museum representatives and by the expiry
of the time limits for accessing the documents in question according to the
Russian legislation (75 years). The materials obtained include the records of
interrogations of the persons under investigation, indictments and convictions
of the perpetrators, dating back to 1946.
The events of the massacre of the Japanese in August
1945 are known to Sakhalin residents through the book by Konstantin Gaponenko
(1933-2019), a local historian and famous Sakhalin writer. The book, The
Tragedy of the Village of Mizuho, was published in 1992 and was reprinted in
2012. Its undoubted merit lies in the artistic embodiment of the real image of
what we knew only from terrible rumors and vague Soviet document gossip.
However, despite the extreme importance of this work and its interrupted
silence about the tragic events, scholarly researchers have so far been unable
to reliably examine the events of 1945, which bear witness to the brutality of
the Japanese militarists and the senselessness of Korean civilian casualties.
Thus, historians will be able to study the events in
Mizuho on the basis of authentic historical sources and create a comprehensive
historical record of the tragic events of 1945, which will act as an argument
against attempts to falsify the Second World War.
The material was prepared by: Y.I. Din, head of the